VW ID.1 / 2: E-Polo with cheap battery from 2025 from Spain

VW ID.1 / 2: E-Polo with cheap battery from 2025 from Spain


The VW group is currently launching a whole range of electric vehicles based on a standard electronic construction device (MEB) – all from compact class upwards. The small electric car (VW E-Up, Seat Mii Electric and Skoda Citigo-e iV), which have recently become cheaper due to the environmental bonus, still rely on the old combustion engine platform (PQ12), which first. it had to be radically modified for electrical installation. According to the label, they can now be ordered only for a very long period of delivery or not. Without funding, all were priced above the 20,000 euro mark; The e-Up even cost around 22,000 euros. Additionally, the PQ system no longer needs to be upgraded for new stop function requirements that will be in effect from 2023. Thus, the end of the construction period is in sight, even if three children have to be reconnected with an electric drive from 2022.


But VW boss Herbert Diess said at Automobilwoche in the autumn of 2019: “We see mobility as a civil right, it must be affordable. And that also applies to Volkswagen”. This was led by VW chief strategist Michael Jost. According to the manager, Volkswagen operates an electric car that costs less than 20,000 euros and should have a maximum capacity of 250 km. “We want to bring such a car to market in 2023/2024,” Jost of “Automobilwoche” said. At the annual press conference in 2021, the VW Diess boss confirmed the plans, but announced a start in 2025.

VW

According to VW plans, the standard entry level models (right) will not come until 2025.

Names V.1 and ID.2 VW of the electronic entry level can be drawn from this. That is understandable, because Volkswagen has long had the design structures ID.1 to ID.9 and ID.1X to ID.9X protected. However, it remains to be seen whether the “X” should be used for crossing or for a wide range of all-wheel drive models. However, the noun leaves a lot of space for lower structures and more than the recently launched ID.3.


It has been stripped of MEB as a base

However, the new MEB, on which the VW ID.3 is based, has long been considered to be very expensive as a base for a small electric car. In fact, it probably could not be used to replace Up and Co. (height 3.60 meters) like an electronic car, it can only be reduced within narrow limits.


VW

MEB has a VW.3 id. 2.77 meter wheel.

The wheel cannot be shortened at will because the installed battery box is located between the wheels. That’s why Seat was previously tasked with developing a low-cost platform for small electric cars. That’s out of the table, VW has taken this job again and seems to be making a slightly shorter version of MEB (ID.3, ID.4), which is after all already in production. The wheel is only seven inches shorter than ID.3 by 2.70 meters. For external heights, this means: It cannot be less than four meters, because the targets cannot be shortened arbitrarily due to accidental behavior. The smallest size of two MEB wheels is an impressive 710 millimeters.


The ID.3 is 4.26 meters high, the wheelbase by seven centimeters makes the total height of 4.19 meters. If a total of about 15 centimeters could be obtained from bamboo, the ID.1 would at least have a Polo length (4.06 meters). It is these dimensions that the VW Diess boss also mentioned in the context of the annual PK 2021: “Just under 4 meters, or about 4 meters!” The entry-level BEV could also be a replacement for the Polo: Its model cycle would end in 2024, and providing a small car based on the transverse module (MQB) module by 2025 could be a huge advantage for VW if it is branded. could increase its shipping use thanks to e- Many vehicles have been reduced sufficiently. And the replacement of the electronic car Polo is more suitable in terms of sales potential: Polo comes with approximately 700,000 units per year and is therefore already in places such as Tiguan and Golf (approximately 950,000).


Cheap cell chemistry

But VW saves the most expensive part, the battery: fewer modules are used in one box, instead of the minimum 48 kWh of ID.3, the battery will have a capacity of only 38 kWh. And on October 22, 2020, Herbert Diess announced on LinkedIn how VW will save more on battery. Commenting on the issue of battery recycling, the VW boss wrote: “Iron phosphate batteries are already available today after 2 million kilometers or 16 years – and (after) they are still 80% lifetime capable of second. The use of this cell chemistry made BYD Han beacon sit and take precautions in the summer of 2020, with Tesla boss Elon Musk recently announcing the use of LiFePO4 batteries in a Chinese-made Model 3. This was accompanied by an 8 per cent reduction in prices for Tesla’s entry-level model in China, which apparently led to a run of the model during Auto China in Beijing.



Another advantage of LiFePO4 batteries is their low fire risk. The dreaded method of lithium-nickel-manganese-cobalt (Li-NMC) oil is foreign to them, even if the cells are punctured, unlike Li-NMC cells, they do not catch fire. However, it is a little bigger for the same performance – not the best conditions for use in a small car. On the other hand: If the MEB battery box stays the same, you save money and then of course there would be enough space for capacity, even if it had a lithium metal phosphate battery.


The fact that this type of cell is popular in China is also consistent with the third joint venture of VW and JAC: A small electric car will be built there for the Chinese market. At one point there were plans to use its technology to model the entry-level electric car into Europe. But the deal is not on the table – the market demand is very different. But such a partnership can help with an invisible battery installed between the axles.

Small crossings as a second example of entry level?

In order to provide the highest level of value-added model for the customer and to meet the growing demand of the SUV, a small ID.1 may also have a bud (ID.2) about the size of a T-Cross if designed as a city car. This would also reduce the price pressure a bit and allow more profitable designs to be introduced with a new, smaller e-kit. However, VW does not want to completely abandon the small car segment – there are enough markets (e.g. Southern Europe) where small external dimensions are a must for the buyer. At the same time, competitors may have more difficulty putting together better versions of low-cost production, which could increase the market volume for the Volkswagen group.


Martorell as a production site

Plants play a role in Group strategic issues. As it became known in May 2020, ID 1 and its Seats and Skoda branches will not be built in Emden, but in Eastern Europe. The “Handelsblatt” newspaper reported at the time that the group’s management board had made the basic decision to build an electronic model in Bratislava, Slovakia. That decision now seems to be out of the table. When asked about the entry-level electric car, VW boss Herbert Diess referred to the start of production in Spain at a press conference in 2021. That would be in line with the recently announced decision to transform the Seat plant in Martorell into a clean electric site. It remains to be seen whether it will still be the second production in Bratislava. Costs speak for both areas: A sales price of around 20,000 euros is not possible considering the cost of labor in Germany. VW targets a minimum price of 25,000 euros per ID.2.


In the structure of the current Seat of Arona

3/2021, Cupra MEB Entry electric car

Screen Seat / Cupra PK

As part of the annual Seat and Cupra press conference, the first sketch of the design of a small electric car was shown.

As part of the annual Seat and Cupra press conference, CEO of both brands, Wayne Griffiths, presented the first sketch of the design of the new electric car. Internally, the project is called the “Urban Electric Vehicle”. It should “according to Arona’s current Chair in the structure,” Wayne Griffiths promised. At the same time, when asked, he left open whether this would lead to the expansion of the Seat or Cupra program.


The decision on whether the electric car will be built in Martorell, Spain, also depends on funding from the Spanish government and the European Commission. Up to 500,000 units per year will be provided not only for the Seat and Cupra, but also for the VW and Seat. Audi electric car on the same basis is also a possible option.


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Conclusion

Making small cars for profit is a difficult business because of the CO2 law. Fuel saving techniques are very expensive for the lowest price of cars, electric car even more.

Thanks to many brands, the VW Group is at least able to sell many small electric cars and spread development costs in large numbers. And there is already a kit that will be sold in bulk. So it seems right to develop a more cost-effective platform for its foundations.

The decision to build a small electric car ID.1 in Martorell, an electric SUV in Emden and an electronic car ID.3 in Zwickau can also help with the cost: Each of these machines will be used in Volkswagen’s offensive Zug and still. the division you can pay. This is more difficult for ID.1 than for ID.3: But less than 20,000 euros is much better – very low CO2 cars are very expensive for that, as VW Group had made it clear earlier.



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