Do you remember this?
Those with good memories will remember the key of the first generation ŠKODA OCTAVIA, which included a small lamp that could be used for lighting by pressing a button.
And the history of ŠKODA keys offers another curiosity: users of the first generation SUPERB can get a regular key and an emergency key made of all plastic. “The key was completely waterproof and could open the car and start the engine. People continued to need it as long as it was one of the spare parts available. They liked it and it was practical, for example, in the summer, when you were wearing swimming trunks”, says Petr Jirásko.
Start automatically and also open automatically
The luggage compartment can be opened in the same way using the Virtual Pedal: you put your foot under the rear bumper, the sensor takes the request and asks you to confirm that the key is there. The luggage compartment opens and then opens.
As soon as the driver is in the car and wants to start the engine, the presence of the key is checked again. “In this case, the need is to press the ‘start/stop’ button. ENYAQ iV already has a newer version of this system that removes the need to press the button. In this case, the signal is to move the gear to position D. But some situations must must be fulfilled: the driver’s seat must be occupied, the driver’s seat belt must be fastened and the brake must be used, of course. Also, it is not necessary to turn off the car – when you unfasten the seat belt and move the shift lever to position P, the engine is turned off. However. , at the moment the car does not lock when you leave it with the key in your pocket – this feature is currently being tested and is planned for the future”, adds Říha.
Speaking of the future, there are also plans to unlock the car with a mobile phone or smart watch via UWB, Bluetooth and NFC technology. This should be a reality in the coming years.
The trend of the far future is cars with all kinds of antennas scattered around them. Of course, it is about connectivity, this time for communication with neighboring infrastructure, other vehicles and road users, and so on. The era of autonomy is approaching and these technologies will be needed to take us to the fourth level of autonomous driving and beyond.
The UWB housing protects against signal amplification
The new generation of keyless entry systems offers an ingenious security feature: protection against so-called “signal extension”. To this day, we still encounter reports of thieves trying to steal a parked car from time to time by amplifying (or “boosting”) the key symbol needed to unlock it.
The new OCTAVIA and ENYAQ iV electric models already have a device called a UWB box that avoids this situation. UWB stands for Ultra Wide Band and the device works on the principle of time-of-flight authentication. Signals travel at the speed of light, so the UWB box sends a signal to the key and waits for a response, which should arrive within a certain time. If the signal is amplified, it will never arrive in time – it’s a physical impossibility.
Doors for all seasons
Although locking systems have changed a lot over the years, the basic principle of car side door mechanics remains the same as before. If anything has fundamentally changed, it’s how today’s doors, in general, weather. Forty years or so, frozen lock cylinders and problems resulting from opening the car or having difficulty closing the side windows were not common – water was getting in everywhere and there was nothing to prevent freezing.
But the second half of the 1990s brought about a change, as much effort was put into making the doors robust and weatherproof, as well as ensuring that the opening and closing system worked in all conditions. “That’s where we are right now, to be able to make sure that when you approach your car, you don’t have to worry that there has been a lot of ice after a lot of rain. Modern ŠKODA doors still have their wet areas and dry areas, but there have been significant advances in door design and systems. The main difference is that the water enters the wet area of the harbor much less than before and is kept away from important areas. The door locks and the Bowden cables to operate them are designed in such a way that water and low temperatures do not affect their work”, explains Simon Jeníček, from the Department of Development of Side Door and Cargo Systems.
Door designs depend on when the model was made, which is linked to the safety requirements or regulations of each region around the world where cars are produced. “For a North American car, for example, there may be a difference in the thickness of the side protection bars – the American requirements are stricter than the European ones in this regard,” says Petr Havelka, from the department specialized in door systems .
Basically, there won’t be much difference between the ports of ŠKODA FABIA and KODIAQ either. Despite being models of different sizes and weights, with different requirements for mechanical resistance, they all have hinged doors, with external and internal plates, protection bars inside the door, cables, hinges and locks. And as far as the locks are concerned, they are almost identical on the FABIA, KODIAQ or SUPERB.