Niger, a good student in the implementation of EITI (Executive Secretary of ITIE-Niger)

Niger, a good student in the implementation of EITI (Executive Secretary of ITIE-Niger)

Niger, included again in the Extractive Industry Transparency Initiative (EITI) process in 2020, respects the standards and principles of this international organization, informed Mr. Abdelkarim Aksar, Executive Secretary of EITI-Niger in an interview with the News Agency of Nigeria. (ANP).

The latest report in the country provides the public with reliable information about the extractive sector and stimulates discussions among responsible citizens to, on the one hand, improve the governance of the sector, and on the other hand, ensure a peaceful environment, explained Mr. Aksar. .

according to the details of the Executive Secretary of EITI Niger, the 2019 report was created in several stages, especially for the preparation of terms of reference and approval by the GMC (multi-stakeholder consultative group); appoint an Independent Director with the approval of the GMC; the recruitment process by involving representatives of all colleges in counting and evaluating offers and the preparation of a system report based on the full declarations of Government institutions.

This report of the system, we see, has made it possible to define the material threshold and save the flow and companies that are within the scope of reconciliation. It was confirmed during the GMC session where the declaration forms were passed; the declarations of the selected companies were collected and reconciled with the declarations of the Government.

Hence, a draft report emerged which was submitted to the Multiparty Consultative Group (GMC) which approved it after incorporating its findings.

This Multiparty Consultative Group (GMC) which is one of the bodies of the National System (DN/ITIE-Niger) includes 3 colleges, which are the College of Administration; it is made up of the SGs of the ministers involved in the implementation; Two deputies of the Parliament; Presidential and Phase Councilors; communities and regions.

Then, the Business Academy is made up of Directors of Government companies in the extractive sector, CEOs of mineral research companies, CEOs of mining companies, CEOs of oil harvesting, oil refining and oil research as well as a representative of the unions of technicians.

Finally, the college of civil society representatives, which is made up of representatives of journalists’ associations, representatives of legally recognized national associations that work in the extractive industry sector, in the field of transparency and the fight against corruption. representatives of trade unions working in the extractive sector.

Therefore it can be said that all actors in the value chain of the mining and oil industry are represented in the GMC. In addition, the aspect of gender is considered in the representation of civil organizations, emphasized Mr. Abdelkarim Aksar.

Regarding the EITI-Niger National System, its role is to analyze reliable and transparent data collected from Administration and Companies.

From this analysis, the GMC will be able to consider the adoption of recommendations to strengthen government systems and natural resource management, he said before supporting that this is also the case with our first report of 2019 where the GMC made ten observations and made recommendations. improve the provision of information and governance of the extractive sector.

These proposals, which will improve the administration of the extractive sector and improve the provision of information, mainly concern the publication of financial statements of Government Organizations and other information about their administration, the establishment and management of registers of mineral licenses and hydrocarbon licenses. and publication of contracts.

These recommendations are also related to the issue of returning 15 percent of income to the affected regions and communities; absence of a public register of beneficial owners; lack of detailed procedures in the licensing process; harmonization of tax identification numbers but also improvement of mining management and improvement of management of mining operations.

The Prime Minister has already given instructions to the ministers responsible to correct these defects, concluded the Executive Secretary of EITI-Niger.

Niger withdrew from the EITI process in 2017 due to disagreements due to the ineffectiveness of the old implementation structure and lack of communication between Niger and the General Secretariat of EITI International before adding that it will rejoin in 2020.

With all the problems resolved, there is no longer any reason why Niger should not return to its place in the great family of implementation.

The country had been involved in the EITI process since 2007.

As a reminder, EITI is a tool that enables measuring the quality of governance in the extractive sector in the country. Its implementation enables, among other things, to promote dialogue between the parties to restore trust and prevent conflicts. ; improve performance monitoring and revenue collection, and finally fight corruption and make it easier for investment. These elements are in accordance with the relevant articles of our constitution and Government policy, explained Mr. Abdelkarim Aksar.

Niger is a producer of oil, uranium, gold and coal, which is its main export resource and which accounts for a large part of its GDP.