Leave the steering wheel, your car is heading for you. From July 14, self-driving cars will be allowed to tour Europe. An order to amend the Vienna Convention on Road Traffic allows the driver to hand over driving to an independent system. A first! In France, an order to adopt a European standard shows approval before September 2022.
But in the meantime, we are moving very far from scientific fiction. This accreditation is actually limited to self-driving cars of level 1 to 3, with a level of up to 5. Level 1 is cruise control; 5 is a fully automatic vehicle, which no longer requires human intervention for transport. About level 3, which can be seen on our roads, allows the driver to hand over the car to board technology, for a limited time and in special circumstances. If the system finds that it can no longer handle the drive, it returns the command to the driver, who must be able to return them quickly. In one of the only approved power systems – the Mercedes Drive pilot – “the system requires the driver to get behind the wheel for less than ten seconds, notes Philippe Bonnifait, a professor at Compiègne University of Technology and director from” heuristics and complex systems recognition “. “Research laboratory (Heudiasyc). Otherwise, the car goes into a safe state.” And he will stop.
So where will it finally be possible to meet cars driving alone? According to the ordinance, 3-level vehicles will only be allowed on roads with different routes, restricted to pedestrians and cyclists and at speeds of up to 60 kilometers per hour. In other words, driving can only be technically handed over to a ring road or a blocked highway. Consistent option. “Most of the recorded accidents involve pedestrians, cyclists or oncoming vehicles,” explains Fawzi Nashashibi, director of the RITS project team at the National Institute for Scientific and Technological Research (Inria).