This week I start a series of interview talking about the Independence of Brazil. Beyond the historical fact that celebrates its 200th anniversary this week, talking about the creation of a little-known country by Brazilians. After all, it has been two centuries of formal nation building through the State constitution. Therefore, it is always good to remember that the State of Brazil was born before the people.
The patriotic feeling of being in unity of feeling was not there when the son of the King of Portugal took the throne and established independence. He took over what his father D’João VI had already started, the construction of the State. The fugitive king, but a great politician, opened the ports of Brazil in 1808, broke the colonization and began to demarcate the territory.
How many rebellions preceded and occurred after the arrival of the king of Portugal to move his court to Brazil. None of them was an example of the national feeling of unity that surrounded the entire region and included those who lived from “north to south of Brazil”. The Portuguese colony at that time, until 1808, and after that, until D’Pedro II emerged, was a patchwork that required strong stitching to keep it together.
In addition, there were movements that tried to break the unity of the colony and the dependence on Portuguese colonialism. Oppression is still a mark for us. If in the past it was easy to detect, nowadays it is covered by an irrational nationalism that refuses to recognize the truth that makes up a nation.
We will not make Brazil a better country without knowing it. We will not make necessary changes without knowing exactly what is necessary. The distorted view of the nation still resists. Here I pay tribute to some professors in the humanities who strive to show the reality of Brazil. I feel sorry for those who try to hide the truth of the nation.
Two hundred years is a long time, but the country is still young and needs to mature. It is still not democratic, it needs to be more tolerant. Brazilians must realize that their differences are an element of their unity and that this does not mean creating a country with standards, but a nation of all.